Recently, Canon announced its first RF mount APS-C sensor cameras—the Canon EOS R7 and R10. Although Canon already had mirrorless APS-C cameras with their EOS-M mount series, these new cameras share the same RF mount as its full-frame counterparts and can utilize any RF lens.
On top of the camera announcement, Canon also released two lenses designed specifically for the crop sensor duo, now labeled as RF-S lenses. These lenses are the RF-S 18-45mm F4.5-6.3 and RF-S 18-150mm F3.5-6.3, sold separately or in lens camera kits. This announcement will be R-Series upgrades from cameras like the EOS 90D, EOS M6 MKII and even EOS 7D MKII users will see benefits in these mirrorless cameras.
For those who want to finally upgrade their APS-C camera system and are asking which one, we'll dive into the specifications to help you determine the best choice. To put it simply, the Canon EOS R7 is designed for serious enthusiasts particularly sports and wildlife photographers, whereas the Canon EOS R10 is a suitable option for travel, lifestyle, and vloggers. So, let's take a look at the reasons why in the chart below.
Canon EOS R7 vs Canon EOS R10 Specification Chart
|Canon EOS R7||Canon EOS R10|
|Release Date||May 24th 2022||May 24th 2022|
|Mount Type||RF Mount||RF Mount|
|Sensor Resolution||32.5 MP||24.2 MP|
|Sensor Type||CMOS APS-C||CMOS APS-C|
|Sensor Size||22.3 x 14.8mm||22.3 x 14.8mm|
|Low Pass Filter||Yes||Yes|
|Sensor Pixel Size||3.2µ||3.72µ|
|Image Size||6,160 x 4,640||6,000 x 4,000|
|In-body Image Stabilization||5-axis Image Stabilization||No|
|Image Processor||DIGIC X||DIGIC X|
|Native ISO Sensitivity||100-32,000||100-32,000|
|Boosted ISO Sensitivity||100-51,200||100-51,200|
|Dust Reduction/Sensor Cleaning||Yes||Yes|
|Viewfinder Type||(Electronic) EVF||(Electronic) EVF|
|Viewfinder Resolution||2.36 million dots||2.36 million dots|
|LCD Articulating Screen||Full Articulating||Full Articulating|
|Storage||2x SD (UHS-II)||1x SD (UHS-II)|
|Max Shutter Speed||1/8000 to 30 sec||1/8000 to 30 sec|
|Max Frames Per Second||
15FPS Mechanical / 30FPS Electronic
|15FPS Mechanical / 23FPS Electronic|
|Auto Focusing System||Dual Pixel CMOS AF II||Dual Pixel CMOS AF II|
|Built in ND filters||No||No|
|AF Detection Range||-5 to +20 EV||-4 to +20 EV|
|Canon Log||Canon Log 3||Not supported|
|1080p Video Max Frame Rate||120 FPS||120 FPS|
|Internal Recording||4:2:2, 10-bit||4:2:2, 10-bit|
|4K 60P Video Crop||No crop||Yes (1.8x)|
|Max Recording Time||Unlimited||Unlimited|
|External Audio Inputs||Optional 3.5mm mic input and multifunctional hot shoe||Optional 3.5mm mic input and multifunctional hot shoe|
|LCD Resolution||1.62 million dots||1.04 million dots|
|Dimensions||5.2 x 3.56 x 3.61 in||4.82 x 3.46 x 3.28 in|
Just by reviewing the chart, it's clear that the Canon EOS R7 has a few more features than the EOS R10 which is understandable considering the price difference. However, both cameras come with enticing new upgrades.
Camera Resolution and Processing Power
The first noticeable difference is the sensor resolution. The EOS R7 has a 32.5MP sensor compared to 24.2MP in the EOS R10. In terms of the processor, both come with the latest DIGIC X system which has allowed for continuous shooting up to 15FPS with a mechanical shutter. Although, it jumps from 23FPS in the EOS R10 to 30FPS in the R7 when using the electronic shutter.
An additional feature Canon added to both cameras is a 1/2 second pre-shooting ability in RAW burst mode, the same found in the Canon M6 II, G7X II, and the G5X III. Similar to the M6 II, when shooting in this mode, the R10 drops its resolution to 13.6MP files. The R7, on the other hand, maintains 32.5MP files throughout the 30FPS and ensures with both cameras, that you never miss that ‘ball on bat’ sports shot.
A huge advantage of these two cameras is the inclusion of Canon's latest Dual Pixel CMOS AF II autofocus system. The same advanced autofocus system found in the Canon EOS R3 which offers subject detection for people, animals and vehicles. Although, keep in mind the performance might not be to the same standard since the R3 comes with a stacked sensor with ultra-fast readout speeds.
When it comes to video, both cameras have the capacity to shoot up to 4K 60P. However, the EOS R10 achieves this with a 1.8x crop whereas there is no crop on the EOS R7. The R10 produces 4K 30p from 6K oversampling compared to 7K oversampling in the R7 at up to 4K30p when 4K Fine is selected in the menu. Both cameras also feature Full HD 1080P at 120 FPS, as well as vertical video mode for content creators.
One major video feature that is only present in the EOS R7 is Canon log 3 with cinema gamut color space, giving more dynamic range and a more flexible color grading profile without clipping highlights as easily.
By now, Canon users are used to the dreaded 30-minute video record limit, but Canon has finally gifted both cameras with unlimited recording. For those looking to capture long-form video, they only need to be aware of battery life, card capacity and temperature warnings. Digital Image Stabilization is also possible during video recording with minimal cropping on the EOS R10 to make up for its lack of In-Body-Image-Stabilization.
Camera Design and Construction
Canon is known for its legendary industrial design and these two camera bodies follow suit. When taking stills, a major difference is the 5-axis in-body image stabilization in the EOS R7 and the lack thereof in the EOS R10.
In fact, the EOS R7 comes with a new Auto Level Function which has more roll movement than previous camera IBIS systems allowing the camera to automatically adjust for slight correction on a non-level horizon. The EOS R7 can get up to 8 stops of image stabilization when paired with certain RF lenses whereas the EOS R10 will only have the ability to use the stabilization in the lenses.
Both camera bodies are smaller than the full frame cameras but between the two the R10 is slightly lighter at just under a pound (.84lbs) compared to the EOS R7 at 1.1lbs. When looking at the buttons on each camera, one that stands out is the placement of the rear quick control dial. Featured on the photo below, the dial is on the outside of the AF control dial on the EOS R7 while it's near the on/off switch on the EOS R10.
The LCD screen is the same 3" size on both but the EOS R7 has a higher resolution of 1.62 million dots compared to 1.04 million dots on the EOS R10. In addition, the EOS R7 comes with dual UHS-II card slots while the EOS R10 has one. For users looking for peace of mind in poor weather, the EOS R7 comes weather-sealed while the EOS R10 does not.
The last major difference is the battery. The EOS R7 shares the same high-capacity battery as the higher-end full frame cameras, the LP-E6NH, whereas the R10 sports the battery found in the M6 II and the Canon EOS RP, the LP-E17. For those upgrading from the Canon 7D series or 90D, they will be happy to know the EOS R7 shares the same battery type, and while the older versions of the LP-E6 won’t charge in-camera via USB, they are still fully compatible with the new RF-S camera systems.
Canon pulled out all the stops introducing the RF Mount to these two APS-C cameras, but in addition to what we’ve mentioned so far, Canon added a few new features to both cameras.
New 3rd Microphone
One of those features being an advancement to the internal audio. A third microphone was added and placed between the standard onboard L and R mics. This microphone is used to measure and actively cancel out white noise and AF operation noise for better sound quality. When an external mic is attached, the feature is disabled. This is a welcome addition to vloggers, video content creators, and any other film maker traveling as light as possible using on board audio recording.
Panorama and Panning Scene Modes
For users wanting to take high-resolution panoramas, both R7 and R10 have added a Panorama scene mode to make up to 107MP (4,208 x 25,600) images on the R10 and up to 147.5MP (4,880 x 30,240 pixels) on the R7 when selected to combine vertical oriented segments. Keep in mind that only some lenses are compatible. The RF 16mm, RF 50mm /1.2, RF 85mm /1.2 and RF 28-70mm are not.
With the use of the Dual Pixel CMOS AF II’s subject detection system while panning, in the new panning scene mode these cameras can detect the position of the subject. Unlike in-lens panning detection IS, which only accounts for horizontal movement and shuts off the IS operation on that axis. The new Panning Scene Mode will activate horizontal correction when needed to help keep the subject in the same area of the composition.
HDR and Focus Bracketing
Most users are familiar with the standard HDR practice of taking 3 shots at different exposures and then combining those to create a higher dynamic range image than what can be captured in a single image. New to the R7 & R10 is the ability to capture either a single image or multi-image HEIF or RAW file in the HDR PQ mode. Many of the R-series have the ability to record the 10-bit HEIF file which gives greater DR, but now this can be combined with the HDR multi-shot mode.
These cameras also come equipped with in-camera depth compositing, or focus stacking. Many previous cameras have Focus Bracketing that allows you to record a series of images with incremental shifts in the focus distance. The EOS R7 and EOS R10 now add the option for Depth Composite which combines these images in camera instead of having to post-process it.
Making A Decision
When it comes down to it, between the two, it’s best to determine if the extra features in the R7 are worth it for what you need. If you’re a serious enthusiast or advanced amateur who needs in-body stabilization, better battery power, two card slots, higher resolution and video recording, then go with the EOS R7. If you’re looking for the next step up from your iPhone and a camera you can travel with, the EOS R10 is perfect.