Tips on Birding and Wildlife Photography with Photographer Lydia Ripplinger

Photographing birds and other wildlife is my obsession. Here are some things I’ve learned while indulging my wildlife photography addiction that enrich the experience:


Get to know your subject. Study its habitat, habits, behaviors, etc. Want to photograph owls? Figure out when they are active, and where they like to roost. Want a photo of elk in the rut? Study up on the time of year and the locations where they display this behavior.

owl flying in front of a mountain taken by lydia ripplinger

Work to find animals that are tolerant of humans. Each individual is different. Some spook quickly, and others don’t care if you’re there, watching them eat and play. Finding the individual with the right personality is key in getting the shot.

Always respect the animals. If you can tell the critter is uncomfortable, back off. The animal is more important than your photo. And keep yourself safe, too. That big old grizzly bear looks great from a safe distance!


Networking is so important in wildlife photography. Knowing when and where to find animals takes years of work. Other photographers can help you be successful, and you can help them in return. Get to know local photographers. Be friendly, be kind. No matter how much you know, you will always learn something new from every person you meet if you can let go of your ego and listen. If you’re new to wildlife photography, find someone who is experienced and respected to be your mentor.

moose taken by lydia ripplinger

Be courteous when others are shooting. If other photographers are standing back, giving the critter space, don’t be the one who charges in, spooking it and ruining it for everyone. You don’t want to be known as that guy!

Not only will networking help you become a better photographer but as you get to know others who share your passion, you’ll make some of the best friends of your whole life. I promise!


Getting the photo is only half the battle. If you really want to have a great picture, you need to post-process. Shoot in RAW format. It allows you to edit better. Learn to use Lightroom and Photoshop. They are your best friends! They’re really not that hard to use. Watch YouTube tutorials, and talk to photographers who have a style you like. They can help you get your shots to look the way you want. I always learn so much every time I watch another photographer edit pictures.

burrowing owls taken by lydia ripplinger

Be careful! Don’t over-process your photos. You’re shooting nature when you photograph animals, after all. So let them look natural. That saturation slider is tempting, I know. Resist the urge.


Patience. Patience. Patience. I can’t say it enough. You want a shot of that gorgeous bird posing nicely? Then I hope you’re OK with sitting outside for hours on end, in all kinds of weather, with all kinds of bugs!

great horned owl taken by lydia ripplinger

Of course there are times when you’re lucky, and that critter you want to photograph sits pretty for you, right when you arrive at the location. But that’s unusual. To get the shot you’re after, plan to spend a lot of time looking, waiting, hoping, and striking out over and over. It’s the name of the game with wildlife photography. But the time and effort you put in to get the shot makes it that much more rewarding!


When photographing wildlife, birds in particular, speed is essential. Fast autofocus, fast shutter, the ability to change settings on the fly; speed is key! Wildlife usually only give you a few seconds to get your shot. You have to be ready, and fast. I love the Sony A9 for this reason. With 20 fps, incredible autofocus, and great ISO capability, it’s unbeatable for accurate speed.

bear with four cubs taken by lydia ripplinger

The Sony A9 is also an ideal wildlife camera because it’s fully customizable. You have to know your gear well or you’ll fail. When photographing animals, you don’t get to plan out your photoshoots. You don’t get to set up the shot. You don’t get to try again if you miss the shot. Consequently, the ability to assign the buttons on my A9 to different functions based on my style of shooting and ergonomic needs help me to capture the shot successfully.

Most of all, have fun! Photographing wildlife is so rewarding. Get out there in nature and enjoy!

Get to know more about Lydia Ripplinger below:

Follow her on Instagram

About the Author

I love the time I get to spend in nature as I watch and wait for wildlife. I love the moments I get to spend with the animals, observing their behavior and learning about their habits and personalities. And I am so fulfilled by creating an image, a piece of art, that I can share with others. We have an incredible community of wildlife photographers here in Utah. I cherish the time I’ve spent, the moments I’ve shared, and the friendships I’ve built as I network with others who share my passion. Being able to look at your friend and say “Woah. That just happened!” after a great wildlife encounter is priceless. Wildlife photography is so fun!

Bird photographyBirdingFeaturedFeatured photographerTipsTutorialsWildlife photography